In 2009, the historian Wendy Lower was shown a photograph just brought to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The documentation of the Holocaust is vast, but there are few known images of a Jewish family at the actual moment of the murder, in this case by German officials and Ukrainian collaborators. A Ukrainian shooter’s rifle is inches from a woman’s head, obscured in a cloud of smoke. The woman is bending forward, holding the hand of a barefoot boy. Wendy Lower’s detective work—in Ukraine, Germany, Slovakia, Israel, and the United States—recovers layers of detail concerning the open-air massacres in Ukraine. Her search for the identities of the victims, of the killers—and, remarkably, of the photographer who openly took the picture, as a secret act of resistance—are dramatically uncovered. Finally, in the hands of this scholar, a single image unlocks a new understanding of the place of the family unit in the history and aftermath of Nazi genocide.
Cosponsored by the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies and the Center for Jewish Studies, with support from the Yanoff Taylor Lecture and Publication Fund and the Estelle and Howard Rubin Fund.
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